Whenever we move to a new house, uneven drywalls are some common occurrences. Calling an expert for simple treatments may not be a good idea. The damage on a drywall varies from tiny cracks to clearly conspicuous holes, most of which are easy and economical to treat at the home itself. The treatment of these damages greatly depends upon their size and type. The process begins with getting a drywall repair kit from the market.
Identifying the type of Damage
This is the basic yet the most important step. Before treating the area; the intensity of the damage should be studied. There are different types of treatment options for different drywall damages.
Repairing Surface Cracks
Cracks on the surface of a drywall usually occur due to drying and shrinking of drywall compounds. Such damages can be dealt with easily by applying drywall compounds. Widen the crack carefully using a paint scraper or a utility knife. Now the cracks must be filled with the new drywall compound. Spread a coat of the drywall compound evenly over the treated area. Let it dry and sand it smooth. A coat or two of same paint can be used to blend the treated area.
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Repairing the Pilot Holes
The procedure for treating pilot holes is similar to the process of treating surface cracks. The only difference is to scrap out the hole carefully in such a manner; that just the mouth is widened. The hole must be filled with the drywall compound. A coat of the same must be applied and then sanded when dried for an even texture. Same paint must be smeared to conceal the treated area.
Repairing the Uneven Corners
As claimed, the metal or plastic-edged corner beads, protecting outer drywall compound, is damage-resistant. But in case of a strong shock or knock, it may dent or bend causing the drywall compound to chip off. In minor cases, the drywall compound must be applied wherever chipped. In major cases, replacement of dented portion of the bead is needed. Slice the dented portion of the bead; this might include removing the joint compound and cutting the tape used during installation. The replacement piece should be of exact cut out or else the dissimilarities will be noticeable. Secure it using tape and nails to provide a long-lasting repair. Another safer option is to change the entire bead in the similar manner.
Treating Bigger Holes
Bigger holes here refer to the damages that are much bigger that pilot holes but are comparatively smaller. Cover the hole using a patch of self-adhesive mesh. Apply lightweight joint compound over the patch with the help of a drywall knife, in a crisscross pattern. Feather the edges to merge it perfectly with the wall. Apply another coat of the compound if needed. Sand it till smooth.
Dealing with Large Sections
Get a fresh cut out of drywall and place it on the damaged portion. Keep in mind that the thickness of the two drywalls MUST be same. Draw a line on the wall and cut the damage portion along the line. Do check for any electrical wire or plumbing pipes before cutting (Check with an electrician or a plumber respectively if you spot any). On the inside of the cut out section, install two wooden cleats with the help of nails, on any two opposite sides. Make sure the cleats are cut a bit extra than the opening. This is done to support the replaced drywall section. Nail it with the cleats to make it firmer. Use a tape to seal the joints. Now, apply the compound over the treated area, feather it and let it dry. Repeat, if necessary. Sand off to smoothen the surface. Conceal the area using the same paint as of the entire wall.
Avoid covering larger portions while applying the compound. The smaller the treated area, the lesser visible it would be. Make sure the edges of the spreading knife are perfectly clean or else they will mess up the finish making the spot clearly visible. Remember to brush off the dust after sanding else you wouldn’t get the desired perfect finish. Such simple and effective tips can help clear a bigger mess and help repairing a drywall with much ease and fun.